Kidney Transplant: All You Need to Know
Kidney transplant treatment is very common surgery nowadays and there are many hospitals that has all the facilities and qualified surgeons to try to to this procedure successfully. Kidney transplants are often defined as the transfer of a healthy kidney from one person to the body of an individual who has no or little kidney function.
When kidney transplant is essential?
Usually, doctors recommend a transplant, when an individual is at the last stage of a renal disease, which may be a permanent condition of renal failure.
Some of the explanations which will cause ESRD are the following:
- Repeated urinary infections
- Diabetes or high vital sign which will cause renal failure
- Inherited disorders like Polycystic renal disorder
- Inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units called Glomerulonephritis
- A rare disease called Hemolytic uremic syndrome which will end in renal failure
- Diseases of the system like Lupus
Donors for Kidney Transplant Procedure
There are two sources to urge kidneys for this purpose, living donors and deceased (non-living donors). Immediate relations or sometimes spouses are called living donors, while people that have willed their kidneys before their death by signing donor cards are called deceased donors. a radical checkup and detailed tests are conducted to the donors so as to make sure that the kidney is suitable march.
- Living donors: Living donors are often a person who is healthy with healthy kidneys. As our body can work well even with one kidney, friends, or family of the person can prefer to donate one kidney. But this needs matching of blood and tissue of both the donor and recipient.
- Deceased donors: Kidney also can be donated by a deceased/cadaver donor. A kidney from the deceased is taken if the person died thanks to some accident instead of any disease.
It is better to possess a kidney donated by your loved one as there are fewer chances of rejection as compared to a donated kidney from an unrelated donor.
How is that the transplant done?
A new kidney is surgically placed on the lower right or left side of the patient’s abdomen by connecting it to nearby blood vessels and bladder. The vein and artery of the patient are connected to the vein and artery of the new kidney. As ureter of the latest kidney is attached to the patient’s bladder, urine is allowed to pass out of the body.
How is it transplant beneficial?
Increased stamina, strength, and energy are the after-effects of a successful transplant. After the surgery, the patient can return to a normal lifestyle with a traditional diet and more normal fluid intake. This treatment may be a solution for Anemia, a standard problem with renal failure. Those, who have a high vital sign, might be on fewer vital sign medications after transplantation.
How to live after a transplant?
Keeping a healthy lifestyle is important after transplantation to attenuate the danger of complications. Therefore, people that have undergone this surgery are directed to follow some important things like:
- Smokers should stop smoking completely
- Eat a healthy diet
- Obese should reduce
- Should precautions to scale back the risk of developing infections
There are many hospitals that perform kidney transplant surgery with the assistance of advanced technologies and facilities under the guidance of well qualified and experienced surgeons.
Kidney Transplant Surgery in India
India has become one of the top destination for medical tourist for complex surgeries like liver, kidney or bone marrow transplant. Indian hospitals offer quality treatment with one of the highest success rate.
Also the kidney transplant cost in India is very low when compared to various western countries. International patients coming to India for kidney transplant can save upto 40% of the total cost of the surgery.
The kidney transplant packages offered to international patient by Indian hospital includes of hospital stay, airport pickup, medicines, surgeon’s fees etc.
Chronic renal disorder or end-stage renal disorder occurs when kidneys lose 90% of their ability to perform their functions. Kidney transplant surgery is usually the selection of treatment as compared to lifetime dialysis in patients with chronic renal failure.
Read Next: Yoga for Mental and Physical Health